Kata: Taïkyoku Shodan
Here is our first approach to Kata. We will discuss in this article what a Kata and then we'll see the first kata Series Taikyoku.
But before talking about Kata TaikyokuI will try to give a simple definition of Kata:
Here's what Wikipedia tells us:
The word kata has three main meanings in Japanese. Each meaning corresponds to a kanji that can be used to write this word:
- – Way : 方. This character has the meanings of "way", "orientation", "direction". It can also mean "person" in supported style (kata is more polite than hito)
- – Form : Shape etymologically "draw with the brush an exact resemblance"
- – Mold : 型 etymologically "original form made of earth". This ideogram also has the meaning of trace left, ideal form, law, habit.
In its last two spellings, the word kata thus evokes both the image of a ideal shape to reproduce as well as fixation and the transmission of knowledge based on a codified gesture.
So we can translate the kata by "The model form". Kata are therefore used to learn the techniques Karate, but also to transmit them from generation to generation.
Karate would probably not exist nowadays without the Kata. Indeed, kata are the archives of karate. They allowed to transmit, without writing, the knowledge of master to pupils for centuries. They are mostly of Chinese origin and have been taken over by Okinawa Karate styles.
Externally, one might think that the Kata are imaginary battles and that is very often how they are perceived by people who do not practice karate. In reality The Kata is a real fight against imaginary opponents. And this is how you will have to practice them. Your heart and mind must be mobilized in the same way as for a fight with real opponents. You must really feel this "fighting" aspect in the kata.
Each kata is different and brings new teaching for the practitioner. The Kata form the soul and heart of karateka over the years of practice. Each kata makes it possible to progressively climb the steps of knowledge.
We will, for this first article on kata, study the kata Taïkyoku Shodan.
It exists 6 Kata Taikyokus.
The first three Taikyokus are the best known, they have been created by Master Funakoshiat first glance for educational purposes. However the mark of his son Yoshitaka Funakoshi is so present that these kata could be his work. In fact, he sought to reduce physical karate to its simplest expression, retaining only the principal, the strength, the speed, the precision, and the unity of action of the body and the mind.
The last 3 Taïkyokus were created by Henry Plée
Kata Taikyoku or The first cause :
Taikyoku could therefore be translated as " the big everything". Some will also say " The first cause«
For beginners, Taikyokus are training kata whose main objectives are body attitude and learning to travel. These kata are the easiest to learn and consist of simple blocking and attack combinations.
For the experts, the Taikyokus are a reminder of simplicity and a return to the sources. It will be very useful to come back regularly to question his practice of karate.
In this first part, we will detail the very first Taikyoku,
These techniques will be repeated in several directions describing a large I, it's'Kata embusen :
This diagram or embusen, will be the same for all Taikyoku.
What are the difficulties of Taiyoku Katas?
In general, beginners, have no trouble performing techniques Gedan Barai et Oizuki Chudan. Where they have difficulties is in changes of direction. I'm going to give you mnemonic means to no longer deceive you in these rotations.
Before turning (Just after Oizuki), you have to ask yourself a question:
Am I at the end of a small side (small lower or upper bar of I) or am I at the end of a long straight line?
And following the answer we will detail how to do:
1 - I am at the end of a small side :
I watch over the shoulder of my outstretched arm, and I'm taking my arm and my front leg in the new direction by swiveling on the heel of the back leg (Ushiro Mawari Ashi)
2 - I am at the end of a long straight line:
I have to go to the right, but turning to the left ;-). I'm going to take this time my leg and my back arm (the left) to the right side, but turning on my front heel (Mawari Ashi) to the left looking at the whole room behind me. I am doing so 3 / 4 of a turn no vacancy.
Once you understand these two principles, the rest will flow by itself and it will be easy for you to learn Taikyoku Shodan and the following Taikyoku.
Good as it is easier to show than to explain, I propose you to join me on the video of Kata Taïkyoku Shodan.
I show you the kata front and back. Then we'll go into a little more detail and we'll do exercises to work the rotations so that you are not mistaken anymore.
(Do not forget to warm up before, thanks to the advice I give you in the ABCs of warming up , my book to download for free ;-))
See you soon !!!
Here I hope that training on the Kata Taïkyoku Shodan you were pleased
I invite you now before going to the shower
See you soon,
"How to succeed your grade passes"