Yoko Geri, the side kick ...
is in my opinion one of the hardest kicks to achieve.
Kicking the side does not seem very complicated and it's true that with a little of method and patience, we must be able to make Yoko Geri powerful without dislocating the hips.
However, often beginners very quickly feel hip pain when they make Yoko Geri, but it's simply because they want to climb the leg like Jean-Claude Vandame (Must admit that it throws! ;-) ).
Do not try to go beyond your own possibilities !!!
But surtowhat's wrong with Yoko Geriis that it is very often poorly executed: Many will try to lift the leg as high as possible on the side, but what to look for is a basin rocker and the leg showed itself (well almost ;-)).
If one looks at the drawing opposite, one realizes that the femur is limited in these movements of adduction and abduction by the small and the great Trochanter.
To make YoKo Geri, the elevation of the leg on the side will be limited, by this kind of stop that is the great Trochanter.
So we'll have to tilt the pelvis so that the Iliac bone rises and thus allows the leg to rise higher on the side.
Okay, maybe you will not succeed in doing Yoko Geri Jodan if you really lack flexibility, but that's not the point.
Yoko geri is a kick that is anyway rather aimed at the Gedan or Chudan level. However as in some basic Kata like Heian Nidan we are asked for Yoko Geri Jodanit is better to try to approach it.
As Mae Geri, Yoko Geri is a kick that can be
- Penetrating: Yoko Geri Kékomi
- whipped: Yoko Geri Keage
Yoko Geri can be given with various parts of the foot:
- the external edge of the foot: Sokuto
- the heel : Kakato
- the top of the foot: Haisoku
Detailed and biomechanical analysis of Yoko Geri:
We will begin by analyzing the penetrating version: Yoko Geri Kékomi.
Comme Yoko Geri is a side kick, the first thing to do is to position yourself side by side with your opponent. I let you choose the combat strategy that will allow you to position yourself aside because this is not the purpose of this article.
Why do not you raise your leg in front of you:
As Mae Geriyou are often told, you must first raise your leg in front of you. Well ... it's necessary, it's even dangerous!
Indeed, often, one decomposes to wrongly Yoko Geri thus: Lift knee, rocking the pelvis, then stretch your leg.
However, raising your knee in front of you, will work excessively your Psoas-Illiac (internal muscle of the groin) and create tension on the lumbar vertebrae and certainly you require a retroversion of the pelvis (rocking backwards) while the pool should not rock back and forth, but only laterally (one hip rises relative to the other).
By raising your leg in front of you your pelvis will have a retroversion movement, then anteversion at the time of stretching the leg, very harmful for your lumbar.
Description of Yoko Geri:
This seesaw actually goes from the belly: you contract the abs (oblique) and gluteal of the support leg and tilt very quickly your pelvis. Your hip will rise and the leg will rise at the same time on the side while remaining as clustered as possible like a spring that we compress.
To help you tilt your pond, consider lifting your buttock the highest possible
Then the energy will again come out of the hara by contraction of the transverse and the pelvic floor to come at once in the leg leg which strikes, which will stretch, but also in the leg of support forming at the moment of impact a solid and connected set.
As I explained to you in the study of Kiba Dachiyou must keep your feet as parallel as possible in order to generate a force laterally.
Do not open your knees either. You must maintain pressure in the adductors to maintain a connection between the two legs.
The supporting leg, like the striker's leg, must remain slightly bent in order to keep the kneecaps well in their place. (I already explained this principle in the study of Kokutsu Dachi.)
Opening the knees is a mistake that is common in those who have not tilted the pelvis enough. So, to raise the leg, they turn a little face the opponent and make a kind of Mae Geri.
We also meet the opposite phenomenon. Some turn the other way to finally present their buttocks to the opponent and eventually make a kind of Ushiro Geri.
But these two ways of doing things, even if they can be powerful kicks, are not anymore December Yoko Geri.
We just saw Yoko Geri Kekomi, where the trajectory of the foot will initially have a vertical component, then a more or less horizontal component to penetrate the target.
In order to Yoko Geri Keage, the foot will describe a straight trajectory from the ground to the target (slightly curvilinear, in fact.). All done in one and the same time: the pelvic tilt with elevation of the leg and extension of the leg. The force comes from the center towards the target, a little like the energy that spreads along a whip. The foot will do the shortest way (diagonally) to come whip (and no longer penetrate) the target.
Imagine your pool as the handle of the whip, the quick rocker of the pool, will generate as a wave that spreads in the leg to the foot as if it were a whip to finish in the foot at the time of the 'impact.
Then as for all foot techniques, you must bring your foot as quickly as possible by doing the opposite.
The energy must also come from the center of the body: You bring back your hip quickly which will "pull" your leg towards you.
That's it, I hope my description of Yoko Geri was clear (and net ;-)).
I now propose to put on your Kimono and, after your warm-ups that you will do thanks to my book « The ABC of warm-ups", We find ourselves for a training on Yoko-Geri. We will see in particular how the rocking of the hip is important when one makes two Yoko-Geri immediately from the same leg. Good training.
I sincerely hope that this video on Yoko Geri you were pleased.
Tell me what you think about it in a comment and do not hesitate to ask questions, I will answer you with great pleasure.
A tip: tomorrow or tomorrow ... do stretching to release the hips 😉
See you soon,
"How to succeed your grade passes"