In karate salvation is a ritual done at each beginning and end of class. Even though this ritual is not a religious ritual (it is not a prayer), it is no less important. This is the expression of the respect each karateka must have towards the Dojo, Karate (his philosophy, ...), the old Masters and the Master Founder (Master Gichin Funakoshi Karate Shotokan), but also his Sensei (his teacher) and to other students.
In my opinion, he also participates in a certain conditioning. Indeed, it allows you to focus and get into "his karate skin". Even if we never really leave our "karateka skin"; the atmosphere, the concentration as well as the moral code of karateka is clearly reinforced in a Dojo. In the video I take the opportunity to make a small point on what the Dojo and the different ways to greet.
Dojo is the place where you learn the way. "Do" meaning the way and "Jo" meaning the place. It is a place of deep respect. In a dojo should normally be a wall of honor (kamiza) with the representation of the founding Master of the school. As far as I'm concerned, as I practice Shotokan Karate, I should have the picture of Master Funakoshi on my wall of honor, but I shoot my videos from what I call my "Dojo studio", with a green screen behind me and suddenly I do not really have a wall of honor (but the heart is still :-)) On the wall of honor, we can also remember the code of honor of karate: the "Dojo Kun ".
The Dojo is not really like a classic training room. When entering a dojo there is a ceremonial and a particular attitude to adopt. This ceremonial conveys an idea of respect. This respect must be directed both to the place but also to the great masters of karate and the other karatekas with whom one trains.
There are several types of salute:
The Zarei, hi in Seiza:
It is a salute that is done on your knees (in Seiza) at the beginning and end of class.
Start from the Musubi-dachi position (open feet), then place the left knee next to the right heel, then the right knee. Last, the feet must be flat, ie the soles of the feet up. Then we sit on the feet but without crushing and keeping the spine right. For women knees should be glued while for men knees are slightly apart. It's important to always stand up straight.
Then for the salvation proper we bend gently by putting the left hand first and then right hand in front of you. The face must be positioned in the middle of the hands which then form a triangle by sticking the indexes and thumbs. Then we return to the initial position by straightening up, and bringing the right hand on the right thigh, then the left hand on the left thigh. When it comes to execution time, it's important to find the right measure. Indeed, a too fast salute would give an impression of "sloppy" salvation, it is important that we feel the respect in your gesture. It's up to you to find the right rhythm, the right measure, so that your salvation is sincere.
At the beginning and at the end of the class you will make several greetings towards the wall of honor, or the Sempai of the club or your Sensei:
- Shomen-ni-rei: Greet the founder Gichin Funakoshi (in Shotokan)
- Sempai ni-rei: Greet the highest-ranking students
- Seinsei-ni-rei: Greet the Sensei (the teacher)
- Otagani-ni-rei: Greet other students.
To get up, we start first with the right leg, then the left leg, and we finish in Musubi-Dachi.
The Ritsurei, hello standing:
It corresponds to the standing salute that is made in Musubi-dachi position.
We bend gently forward at about 30 ° then we just straight up. This greeting is every time you go to work with a partner and when you finish working together, or when you enter the tatami mat, etc.
Salvation, if it must be done whenever necessary, must not become an automatic gesture. Indeed it must remain a conscious gesture with a deep mark of respect, honor and sincerity.
There are many variations and ways to greet that have very specific meanings in the Japanese tradition. For example following the inclination of the bust, following if one inclines the head or not, can have different meanings. Most Karate teachers (me first :-)) are not familiar with these various variants that are mostly part of Japanese culture. In my opinion, it is not very serious for us Westerners not to know these subtleties in the traditional salute and I think that the essential thing is especially to salute with the heart.
The most important thing is to greet with your heart!
I have prepared a short video to give you even more details on the salute and the behavior (attitude) that we must have at the Dojo.
That's it, I hope this video you more. What you really need to remember is the attitude you must have at the dojo.
I'm waiting for your comments below!
See you soon,
"How to succeed your grade passes"