Here is The reference technique karate. Indeed, just tell someone that you are doing karate to make a Shuto. It's pretty funny, but it's like that.
That's why I say it's a reference, it's the showcase of Karate, our natural advertising, the technique without which we would not exist ... That's what makes the difference in the public mind between the karate and boxing. Well, I probably add a little, but still, try to introduce yourself as Karateka; you will see that reactions often do not end up with a Shuto or at least a hold of open hands.
Come on tramp, we're here to talk about Karate and to dissect this defense technique that is Shut Uke. It was a long time ago that we did not talk about defense technique and to follow the conclusion of the previous article: "Karate is a war art in the service of peace"I told myself that a defense technique would be welcome.
Of course Shuto Uke can also be used in attack, but in this case it will be called Shuto-Uchi.
As I tell you in the title, Shuto Uke is a technique of defense with the sword of hand.
Shuto (手 刀) literally means "saber of the hand": we can decompose the ideograms as follows: 手 (shu or te) = main and 刀 (tô or katana) = katana
week (受 or 受 け) means "reception" (One often translates Uke by blocking and it is a mistake, luckily by the way because a defense is not necessarily a blocking, it can be an absorption, a dodging ...).
In fact, Uke comes from the verb ukeru (受 け る): to receive, to catch, to accept, to capture, to undergo, to obtain what fits well the idea of defense.
Shuto Uke is more often used at the Chudan level (but it also exists at the Jodan level) to block an arm attack by striking it laterally with the sword.
Decomposition of Shuto Uke:
A bit like Gedan Barai, your arms will cross in front of you but open hands: The hand that will make Shuto is at the level of the reverse clavicle, palm open facing your face. The other arm is stretched in front of you towards the future point of impact open palm turned towards the ground.
The arms should stay as close as possible to the body (keep pressure under the armpits.) To avoid discovering (body protection) and to keep the body connection at the shoulders.
The rest of the body must remain relaxed to allow rapid acceleration of the next phase. You should not lift your shoulders or hips, only your arms move and flatten against the body.
Internally, you contract the transverse (deep abdominal muscle) by exhaling slowly (mesh) to increase the internal pressure of the hara to prepare the explosion of the actual strike phase.
The sword of hand:
The arms will now uncross very quickly. Movement is initiated by a strong reverse rotation of the hips and a contraction of the back (the shoulder blades are getting closer!).
The arm outstretched in front is pulled back (ikité) and is positioned palm to the sky just below the solar plexus. At the same time, the other arm makes Shuto Uke proper: the hand goes forward (to 45 ° diagonally!) With a movement slightly circular from the inside to the outside and a final whiplash around the wrist.
The impact is at the level of the fleshy part between the little finger and the wrist.
I made it clear that the trajectory of the hand was " slightly Circular because in fact, as for Gedan Barai ou Uchi Uke, the hand will take the shortest path, almost in a straight line to hit the opponent's forearm at an angle
The elbow should not go out of the body. If you put yourself against a wall, it's shuto that must touch the wall and not the elbow ;-). The elbow moves only slightly and plays the role of pivot for the forearm.
At impact, shoulder, elbow and wrist are aligned. The arm remains bent almost at 90 ° and the elbow is not too far from the body (always keep the pressure under the armpits). The hand is in the extension of the forearm. You must not break your wrist.
As with all techniques, the arms must remain as relaxed as possible during the movement so as not to slow it down. The contraction is only at the end at the moment of the kime.
The body is almost in profile (Hanmi), so this technique is often associated with the position Kokutsu Dachi.
I'll let you go to the locker room now for a little training. On the video, I will explain in detail how to make your Shuto Uke, then we will work it on the move Ayumi Ashi and Iki Ashi in Kokutsu Dachi. In particular, we will see how the reverse rotation of the hips will, in addition to being at the origin of the technique, establish your position and improve your ground pressure and stability.
But before, I advise you to prepare yourself by a well-conducted warm-up. Inspire you for this advice that I give you in the book the ABC of warm-ups 😉
That's it, I hope you enjoyed the training and that you perfect your Shuto Uke.
We will soon rework this technique in a sequence of Kihon. But in the meantime, I'm waiting your comments 😉
See you soon,
"How to succeed your grade passes"