Mawashi Geri, the circular kick:
By starting this article, I realized that it was almost 3 months since we had not approached foot technique, since Mae Geri, Front kick.
However, it is normal in Karate to start by learning, to position oneself and to give punches, before wanting use his legsbecause when kicking ground connection is even more fragile because there is only one leg left on the ground.
Nevertheless, I think it was high time to make up for this lack and to study a new foot technique: Mawhasi Geri.
Mawashi Geri and the circular kick, well known competitors because it is a machine to make points if I can say, and because it is quite spectacular when given at the Jodan level. However, you must know that Mawashi Geri as it is given in competition and often quite different from Mawashi Geri traditional simply because the purpose is not the same; in the first case, it is a question of touching, taking care not to hurt, in the second case it is a question of being effective in terms of speed and power. We will see the differences further.
As you have noticed, I put in the title, the name given in English Mawashi Geri " Round House Kick Because I think this name is very representative of the circular kick Mawashi Geri.
Indeed, "Round House" means " around the house And I find that this concept characterizes well Mawashi Geri which is very often used to make the turn of the guard of the opponent to come knock on the sides.
Your opponent is on guard (he keeps his house) and you go around his guard (or his house!) To attack on the flanks where: The Round House Kick
Mawashi Geri can be given either:
- from back leg,
- either of front leg
and we can hit with:
- the underside of the foot (Koshi),
- the top of the foot (Haisoku).
It's an extremely powerful kick in which we add up the strength of rotation hips to theextension of the leg.
Mawashi Geri: Detailed and biomechanical analysis:
We will at first detail Mawashi Geri from back leg which is the basic form that allows you to break down the movement.
Even if Mawashi Geri front leg is more often used in competition, it will be wise to acquire the technique with the back leg to master the front leg technique.
We will position ourselves in ZenKutsu Dashi. To fully understand the movement of Mawashi Geri, we are going to break it down into 3 phases go and 3 phases back:
- armament :
Basin rocker with a knee lift to the side, leg bent (the heel almost touches the buttocks). It is very important not to try to lift only the knee but rather the hip (think to raise the buttocks very high) and to keep the leg bent so as not to remove the center of gravity. The more you stay grouped, the faster you can rotate in the next phase.
- Rotation :
Pivot on the foot support bowl with forward hip and knee forward. The hip and knee must pass the axis of the opponent. Be careful to keep a connection between the striking leg and the support leg, you must not open the legs completely by turning the support foot too far back. In fact your feet must have remained as parallel as possible. The foot on the ground turns a little backwards but not too much. Opening completely would certainly make you a few inches but at the expense of efficiency. You must maintain the strength between the thighs.
Conversely you must actually turn and not stay on the back. Your hip and knee should be in the axis, or even beyond, of your opponent. You are completely in profile with your opponent.
- Extension :
Extension of the leg. The foot hits the target laterally. This phase is done in continuity, the leg takes advantage of the kinetic energy of the rotation to send the foot on the target. However, be careful not to fully tighten the knee and lock it on impact.
The body must remain whole in the art. Which means the bust should be as straight as possible and do not bend over.
Your arms remain in front of you in the direction of your opponent to protect you when needed.
The support leg must remain folded and very strong because it is she who supports all the weight of the body, it is she who must maintain your balance and it is she who will have to cash the energy back by a work of action / reaction in the ground.
- Fold :
Fold of the leg. This phase is very important and is done very quickly after the impact. You are in a rather dangerous situation, balancing on one foot, you must bring your leg very quickly to be able to follow and not let yourself be trained by your technique. Always the same principle, it is necessary to regroup at the maximum before the rotation in order to decrease as much as possible the torque (a couple is the rotational force applied to an axis) due to rotation.
- Rotation :
Rotate backwards keeping the knee and hip up to the maximum. The return trip is the same as the outward journey. You rotate by "pulling" your hip backwards, but keeping it up as long as possible.
- Basin rocker:
Flip the pelvis down and rest the leg back.
Mawashi Geri's front leg:
Once you have mastered the different phases of the technique, you can approach Mawashi Geri of the front leg.
At first, you will go for a hunted step (Tsugi Ashi) to put your back leg under your center of gravity and release your front leg.
Now you are going to do the phases go N ° 1 and 2 at the same time:
You rock the pelvis to raise the hip and knee as high as possible while pivoting the body to find yourself in profile with your opponent, hip and knee slightly beyond the axis of the target.
You find yourself in the same position as before at the end of the first leg 2 you continue in the continuity with the extension of the leg to hit with Koshi or Haisoku.
Whether the front leg or the back leg, you can of course vary the return phase by posing either backwards or forwards, or on one side ... the important thing is to fold the leg right away to keep your balance, then you put the leg according to the situation.
Mawashi Geri in competition:
Mawashi Geri as we have seen is certainly very powerful, but it is slow enough to realize. In competition, you have to be as fast as possible and the goal is above all to touch. Competitors tend to change the basic Mawashi Geri to make it faster, but at the expense of efficiency.
In general, in competition, they will start by lifting the knee in front as if to make Mae Geri, in order to lower the guard of the opponent. Then by a very fast rotation, they will enchain the rocking of the pelvis and the extension of the leg to touch in Mawashi Geri.
Competitors will also turn the foot of support backwards and open their hip to the maximum to gain a few centimeters.
This way of proceeding is not completely ineffective and can probably hurt a lot, but we are far from the quest for maximum efficiency. So if you want to compete, first learn how to work your Mawashi Geri in a traditional way to strengthen your support and improve your skills. Then only you can modify, knowingly, your technique to adapt to the competition. The important thing is to never forget the original technique and train regularly to control it well.
That's it, I think it's time now to go to training. All your kimono, I find you on the video course of Mawashi Geri. See you soon
Of course, I advise you to warm up thanks to the advice that I give you in my book, the ABC of warm-ups, which you can download for free.
Before the shower, do not forget to leave me a comment below, thank you
In the video, I promise you a video on the stretching of the hips, so here is the
specific video to free your hips!
See you soon
"How to succeed your grade passes"