Kokutsu Dachi: basic stance, bent back leg
We have already studied in previous articles, the stance Zenkutsu Dachi, with the front leg bent. We will now study the second fundamental stance you need to know: Kokutsu Dachi.
Unlike Zenkutsu Dachi, in the stance Kokutsu dachi, it is the back leg which is the most flexed. The weight of the body this time to 70% on the back leg. The feet are no longer parallel and apart but on the contrary at right angles and on the same line.
So much difference for these two fundamental stances. I introduced you Zenkutsu Dachi as a stance of attack, Kokutsu will have a more vocation defensive, but not only.
Decomposition of Kokutsu Dachi:
Let's analyze a little more in detail Kokutsu Dachi. You descend your weight on the back leg (about 70% of body weight) a bit like having a stool above the back heel and you want to sit on it. Your back leg is bent, the knee spread out at 90 °, foot in the same direction.
En Kokutsu dachi, front leg points forward and is slightly bent. It is on a line through the heel of the back leg (this is why it is said that the feet are on the same line). It is very important to do not fully stretch the front leg to protect the knee. Indeed, if the front leg is stretched, it becomes very vulnerable in case of frontal attack.
In addition, slightly bending the front leg secures the knee joint holding the patella in place. By slightly bending the front leg, you will avoid the problems of dislocation that could happen in case of sudden movement with a strained leg (I show you this on the video ;)).
The front leg remains so slightly flexed and supported on the forefoot. The heel brushes the ground.
Hips and shoulders are of 3 / 4 face, inside stay well straight without tension, basin is flat, neither forward (anteversion: when the buttocks stand out!), nor towards the back (retroversion: when the buttocks are too tight!) and the vertebrae are stacked one above the other without tension on one side or the other.
You only keep a slight tension in the belly (hara).
Ideally, in the stancekokustu dachithe joints of the ankle, knee, hip and back shoulder are on the same level almost vertical. The rear foot rests flat and must stay in the same direction as the knee (at 90 °). You must avoid tension in the knee and ankle. What happens if you turn your foot backwards and tuck your knee or vice versa if your knee moves behind and you turn your foot forward.
Knee and ankle joints do not have the rotation function, so it is imperative that the knee is in the same direction as the foot, otherwise you create very strong tensions in the joints and you lose a lot of support on the ground, which must be done on the foot well flat.
How to move in Kokutsu Dachi?
We will now see some details about displacements forward (Ayumi Ashi) and backward (Iki Ashi) in the stance Kokutsu Dachi.
Ayumi Ashi : To move it forward in Kkokustu dachi, the important thing is to keep hips at the same level. At no time should they go up or down. To move forward, you will move your back leg next to the front leg by "closing" the back leg forward. You will then find your feet together. Your leg will continue to move forward (it will now be the front leg) while the other leg opens at 90 °. I decomposed voluntarily, but there is no stop in the middle, the movement is fluid.
Be careful, the body must not be turnedyou must keep in mind that your opponent is ahead. You will only change custody during the move but not turn. It's a common mistake for beginners to turn to every move. To not make this mistake, you must think of your opponent who is in front. You must send your hip forward and your foot must always point forward. This advance of the front leg will be accompanied by a opening of the back leg, the body weight remaining for the most part on this back leg.
Iki Ashi : In the backward motion in Kkokustu dachiyou will do the opposite. That is to say that your front leg will come next to the other, which will be "Closed", then continue backwards by "opening" to 90 °. You just put 70% of your weight on this leg.
Warningat first, you will tend to lean backwards. It's not good ! Remember, your opponent is always in front of you! You must go back on the back leg, but keep your body straight and ready to go forward.
I propose now to see all this in video
(But before, do not forget to warm up thanks to the advice that I give you in the ABC of warm-ups, my book to download for free ;))
That's it, I hope that this new training will do you more. Review this video often and practice, you'll end up mastering the position Kokutsu Dachi.
I advise you to work kihon on hip rotation to further perfect your kokutsu dachi!
Your opinion and your questions interest me! Leave me a comment below, thank you!
See you soon,
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