is a very powerful technique of attack or against very short distance (hand-to-hand).
For all techniques of Karate, I often explain that everything starts from the center of the body, the belly (Hara) and that the arms or the legs are only the tools to direct the energy produced by the body.
In a technique like Empi Uchi, the sensation of striking with the body is really present.
Indeed, here, "the tool" is very short (There is only the humerus (bone of the arm) between the body and the point of impact) and without articulation other than the shoulder.
So, even more than in other techniques,
the movements of the trunk will be reflected directly on the arm that makes Empi Uchi.
The shoulder is a movable joint in all directions, therefore in the direction of the energy produced by the center of the body, ascending, descending, lateral, backward or in rotation, the shoulder will be able to direct the arm to transmit body energy directly to the elbow (Empi)
Even if there is only the shoulder between the body and the elbow, we will see however that the forearm and in particular the rotation of the wrist has a very important influence on the fixation of the shoulder and thus the connection between the body and the arm.
We are going to study Empi Uchi, following 5 different directions.
- dating back : Jodan Age Empi Uchi
- Descending : Otoshi Empi Uchi
- On the side : Yoko Empi Uchi
- Rearward : Ushiro Empi Uchi
- Circular : Mawashi Empi Uchi
Jodan Age Empi Uchi :
We strike with the elbow going up. While bending your arm, you raise your elbow towards the opponent (chin, nose) to hit the tip of your elbow. The fist is found next to the ear, palm turned to the ear.
Warningthe movement is going up, one would tend to lift the shoulder. However, it is very important to keep the shoulder low and locked.
The position of the hand is also essential in maintaining the shoulder.
Indeed, it is necessary to turn the palm naturally towards the ear and not towards the shoulder as we sometimes see it so as not to mobilize the supinator muscles (external rotation) of the forearm and in particular the brachial biceps whose head long that passes over the head of the humerus would interfere with the proper placement of the shoulder joint.
Otoshi Empi Uchi :
As Otoshi Tettsuiyou raise your arm above the head in the axis of the body and then pull your elbow down with the idea of falling.
The energy goes from the Hara that literally "pulls" the elbow down. But beware, for this, it must rely on a solid foundation. So do not dampen the shock with the bending of the legs.
On the contrary, at the moment of impact, the position must be stabilized and very strong in order to transmit all the energy vertically to the ground.
Yoko Empi Uchi :
The nudge on the side starts as if to make Uraken Uchi on the side. Your arm is folded in front of you palm turned to the ground. Your opponent being, of course, on your side. The technique goes now from the center of the body: by a vibration of the hips and a contraction of the back muscles (approximation of the shoulder blades), you throw the tip of your elbow in the direction of the opponent.
The second arm is Ikited at the waist to strengthen the support on the back or you can also use this second arm to reinforce the technique. You come open hand strengthen the power of your Empi Uchi pushing on the fist of the striking arm. In this case as for Morpheus Uchi Uke, the two arms are one and must work in synergy.
Ushiro Empi Uchi :
Eh yes ! It's pretty much the same thing as doing Ikité...
Finally! ... it's about the same thing, or rather it's a possible application of Ikité because there is still a difference in body and mind.
Indeed, in Ushiro Empi Uchi, one has to
- turn your head to look where you hit,
- direct the energy of the Hara, no longer forward but backward,
- and keep your mind focused towards the elbow.
So you hit the back with the tip of your elbow keeping your arm very close to your body. The elbow must be close to the hip.
Mawashi Empi Uchi :
Mawashi Empi Uchi is an excellent educational to make you feel hip rotation.
Indeed as I told you above with Empi Uchiyour body directly transfers these movements to the elbow.
In the case of Mawashi Empi Uchi, there will be a hip rotation who will spread as a spiral wave trunk up to the shoulder and then to the arm.
The elbow will hit the target by a circular movement from outside to inside and up.
The palm of the hand should be turned towards the ground and not towards you, always not to mobilize the long head of the biceps which would destabilize the shoulder.
That's pretty much my elbow shots. We could also add Ura Mawashi Empi which would be a circular movement but this time from the inside to the outside. But as this way of doing Empi is not in any Kata (to my knowledge ...) I preferred not to approach it. Another time maybe
By cons I could have approached Mae Empi which is very common in the Kata since it is found in Heian Yodan, Heian Godan, Tekki Shodan, Bassaï Daï, Kanku Daï ... It's the nudge forward, but we will talk about it again when studying the different Kata.
Well, I'm not sure I was loud and clear "In my explanation on the supination of the forearm which destabilizes the shoulder but hey, do not torture your mind with that (I did it for you ;-)).
What is important to remember is that for Age Empi, the palm is turned towards the ear, and that for Mawashi Empi, it is towards the ground ... After supination, the brachial biceps, coaptation of the shoulder, headdress Rotators ... (What's all that for a nudge?) ...
In short, I think it's time to stop torturing our brains. We will begin to transform all these words a bit abstract in very real sensations and wet the Karategi.
I let you prepare yourself with a good warm up session using my method
and I'll meet you again for a Kihon on five times with Empi Uchi. See you soon.
I believe that stretching of the scapular girdle and spine is required.
Tell me what you thought of this course in a comment below, Thank you !!!
See you soon,
"How to succeed your grade passes"