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Ayumi-Ashi, taking a step forward


Ayumi-Ashi is a movement that can seem very simple because it is the one that corresponds most to the natural walk. Indeed, Ayumi-Ashi simply consists to move forward one step.

The essential difference from the natural walk is that we will make our move using our belly.

Indeed whatever the starting position and the finish position, you have to make your move with this feeling that it's your belly pulling you forward. Although the legs will do their work of pushing and pulling in the movement, but the trigger of the displacement will leave your belly and you must keep a very strong sensation in the belly. The hara is going to be the driving force of the displacement. But I will talk to you about this principle later.

For the moment we will detail Ayumi-Ashi in each of the 3 basic positions that are Zenkutsu Dashi, Kokutsu Dashi et Kiba Dashi.

I even made you beautiful little drawings for each of the positions with the displacement of the feet and the center of gravity! You tell me the news ! 😉

Ayumi-Ashi in Zenkutsu-Dashi:

En Zenkutsu Dashiyou have to move as if your feet were laid on rails.

You advance the rear foot following the rail and you come to put it forward by keeping the initial spacing.

Ayumi-Ashi in Zenkutsu Dashi

Contrary to what many people think, your feet do not have to describe a very pronounced arc and come against each other during the trip!

As in natural walking, the feet actually form un lightweight arc in Ayumi Ashi, but most importantly, do not think about it, it must remain natural.

The problem is that many beginners (and even graduates) wanting at all costs to make this arc, shift their center of gravity laterally during the movement. In fact, it's their whole body that moves in an arc while Ayumi-Ashi's goal is to move forward in a straight line.

What I advise you not to make this mistake, at first, is to imagine that your feet are on rails and that ...

... your belly, like a locomotive, pulls your body forward.

After when you will master the move Ayumi-Ashiyou will forget these rails and, without realizing it, your foot will make a slight arc of a circle, but your body will go in a straight line.

Ayumi-Ashi in Kokustu-Dashi:

En Kokutsu Dashi on the other hand your feet are already on the same line, so when you go forward, your back foot will come to pass next to the front foot.

Ayumi-Ashi in KokustuAs soon as your feet are side by side, you continue your movement by moving your foot forward and stabilize your position by opening the 90 ° rear knee.

To do well Ayumi-Ashi in this position, you have to like for Zenkutsu, think of a straight line. Your goal is to go forward.

You do not have to turn every time you go. This is a defect that we see very often in beginners. To overcome this defect, it suffices to well imagine his opponent in front and advance the hip forward with the foot pointing forward.

To stabilize your position, you must also think about "openness". You open your hip a lot (90 °) and keep the body resting on the back leg.

Do not let yourself be dragged forward. You must keep 2 / 3 from your weight on the back leg as you stabilize.

Ayumi-Ashi in Kiba-Dashi:

En Kiba Dashi, the feet are also on the same line, so they go as Kokutsu Dashi come against each other in the middle of the move. But this time, you will not think " forward"But « to the side« .

Ayumi-Ashi in KibadachiSo it will no longer be the back end, but a side that passes on the other side. For example, to move Ayumi-Ashi to the left, you will move your right side to the left by rotating 180 °.

I do not know if it's very clear ... I will break down:

Still in our example of moving to the left, you rotate on the bowl of the foot left of 90 ° to the left. At the same time, the right foot is placed next to the left foot. You will find your feet together facing the direction of your movement. The body continues to pivot on the bowl of 90 ° 's left foot while the right foot continues to move to the left (which has now become your right ;-)) while pivoting too.

You stabilize in Kiba-Dachi ... You did a half turn.

I deliberately decomposed, but in practice there is no downtime in the middle of the trip. It starts from the belly and must be explosive, fast, fluid and end in a very stable position.

Important points :

The following points are important, even essential, whatever the position of displacement.

  • Your pond should not get up. It must remain at the same level during the whole trip.
  • Your bust remains well above the pelvis, the back straight, without parasitic tension. You must not lean back, forward, or on one side. The body remains naturally placed on the basin.
  • Your center of gravity describes a straight line and not a curve.
  • The feet touch the ground but without dragging and come to stabilize well flat, neither too much on the front, nor too much on the heels ...
  • You keep a tension in the belly. It is the belly that gives the impetus and directs the movement of the legs.

Karate course in video:

Okay, it's time now to put on your kimono. I go to the locker room too and I'll find you in a moment on the video. At once on the tatami mats!

But before, do not forget to do some joint, muscular and cardiovascular heating, by downloading my book for free: The ABC of warm-ups.

>>> Download the video

Volià friends, I hope this little video on Ayumi Ashi you were pleased.

I am now asking you to leave me a comment below andi this article has you more, share it with your contacts on facebook, twitter, Google+, by email ... Thank you!

See you soon,

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  1. Trackback: Zenkutsu Dachi - Stance on the front leg

  2. Hello Bruno,

    Concerning the displacement in Ayumi.Ashi, it is true that in the displacements, the straight line is the shortest compared to the arc of circle or the curve banana kind. I would just like to share a pool experience. To know that at the beginning of my training of karate, I worked a lot the exercises of legs in swimming pools and even at sea by making sure to have water up to the top of the basin. Great to do, not traumatic for the muscles and so on ...
    In short, for the trip, I started doing it in a straight line and then in banana-like curve. In the water, if I advance the right leg, I will feel the water brake and rightly because I have to exert some force in order to move forward. Surprisingly, I found that advancing the leg in an arc was much easier than bringing it straight. I would say that the acceleration was more consistent and that it was like a venturi effect. Knowing that water is a fluid in the same way as air, I conclude that advancing the leg in a circular arc is faster than advancing it straight.
    I do not question the fact of moving in Ayumi.Ashi the right leg as you watch it is more effective than doing it in a semicircle but the experience is worth 'being felt.
    In any case, thank you ++++++ your courses and what you learn, it's really the top and as already said, you have a remarkable pedagogy that will allow more than one-e take advantage of it some ... Any good continuation and +++ Armand

    • Hello Armand,

      In fact I think the arc is natural. We relax the leg that suddenly passes under the body, then we open to position it. Pedagogically I always ask to make a straight line to prevent the beginner to accentuate the curve by moving their hip, but once the gesture acquired and think more, the natural curve back.
      In the pool, it is normal that it is easier in curve than in straight line because by naturally bringing the leg under the body, one decreases the frontal surface and thus the resistance to the progress.

      In conclusion, the natural displacement is slightly curved, but it is necessary to avoid thinking about it so as not to move the center of the body in zig-zag.

      Thank you for this very interesting feedback.


  3. hello Bruno, I love your videos, I can not download them. If you know how to send them to me, that would be perfect. I also did not find any video on hiki ashi.

  4. thank you very much for the video. it is very important very rewarding

    I apologize for not having rependu several of your articles that are really very very interesting but I had problems in my laptop I just solve them: I would like you to talk to me a little about multidirectional technique is thank you

    cordially jakayani lahbib

  5. I wanted to follow your advice and discover the program of the site super bodybuilding. Com. The problem is that they take a euro for the test and close to 30 euros without issuing the confirmation of the adhesion. Worse still, the email addresses of the site are returned ... They are distorted! So we can not ask for a refund!

    • Hello Astre,

      For payment after 3 days is well explained at the time of order but you may not have been careful.
      Above all, do not worry, if you want to be reimbursed you will be.

      For email addresses, I am surprised because I have never had any problems, but hey it is probably a problem computer.

      I have personally sent an email to support supermusculation.comm. I'll let you know as soon as I have an answer.



  7. thank you Bruno for all you do for the evolution of karate. I corrected my demarche which my first to fix myself more on the ground in my deploration. once again thank you

  8. it is a video that comes at a point, I still have trouble being fast in my travels, I see again and re-visualizes the videos it helps me a lot! I love my personal karateka !!
    Thank you Bruno

  9. Bravo Bruno and good luck for your research.the videos are beautiful, after trying, I discovered that it was the truth itself.But tell me how do you find all this time: Training at the dojo; to publish, research on this or that .... and the family?

    • Hello Pascal,

      Thank you for your support.
      Time is right, it's the hardest thing to handle for me with all my activities ... That's why it was so long since I had not released a new video. I do my best to reconcile work, associative life, blog, sport, karate, ... and of course "family life".

    • Hello Johnny,
      This article and this video are not meant to describe THE displacements, but only Ayumi-Ashi. I detail this displacement.
      The management of weight transfer concerns all movements and deserves an article all by itself. In the same way as the "let go", the breathing, the work of the glutes, the pelvis ...

      Moreover, I speak of it indirectly when I speak of the center of gravity which, if I am not mistaken "the point of application of the resultant of the forces of gravity or gravity". I even represented this center of gravity on the drawings with the path that it follows.


  10. Hello Bruno,
    Thank you for your videos they are of a remarkable quality.
    Your explanations are simple but of great utility. They allow us to progress quickly.
    thank you again.

  11. Zeggari azzedine at

    Thank you for your explanation, which is very rich in ideas, we find several keys in your explanation I will work on it and I hope that you explain to us the position of the lower body and the upper secondly the breathing in the kata how to partition a expiration for example on a sequence of 3 even 4 techniques .... Thank you again Bruno (my name is azzedine my name is zeggari).

  12. it had been a long time since I had released a new video.
    I am very happy to be able to offer you this new video.
    In this article, I also made small diagrams to understand the movement of feet and center of gravity in Ayumi-Ashi.
    A +, Bruno

  13. Another big thank you Bruno for this video in which we feel your passion to transmit this art! Your explanations are clear and help to progress.

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